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INTRODUCTION:

Pigeonpea is second largest pulse crop in India accounting about 20 percent of total pulse production. India ranks first in area and production of pigeon pea. According to Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, India’s production during year 2011-12 was 2.65 million tonnes. Major producing states with production are Maharashtra (0.98), Uttar Pradesh (0.31), Karnataka (0.53), Madhya Pradesh (0.16), Gujarat (0.27), Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Orissa and Bihar in million tonnes. It contains about 22.3 percent protein and 1.7 percent fat content.

POPULAR VARIETIES

S. No.

Duration

Varity name

1.

Very early maturing (115 to 125 days)

ICPL-87, ICPL-151, TAT-10

2.

Early maturing (130 to 150 days)

T. Vishakha-1, TT-6, AKT – 8811

3.

Medium duration (155 to 170 days)

Badnapur-1 or 2, BSMR-736, BSMR-175

4.

Long duration (above 180 days)

ICPL-87119, C-11

MATURITY INDICES:

Best time to harvest the crop is when 75-80% of the pods turns brown and is dry. Pods should be harvested just before they start losing their green color. For this normally hand picking is followed.

HARVESTING TIME: 

In India, the sowing season for this crop is in the summers or the khariff season. June and July are considered to be the best time to plant this crop. The seeds of pigeon pea start germinating in two weeks time. The plant starts flowering with the upcoming of October and it is harvested in December and January. When the plant starts flowering with the upcoming of October and it is harvested in December and January. Pigeon pea should be harvested when 75 - 80 % of the pods are at physiological maturity. Moisture content is between 20 and 24 %.

PACKAGING AND STORAGE: 

Pigeon pea is usually stored for long periods to ensure availabilty of whole seed at the time of sowing, and as a dhal to meet consumer requirement. As farm level, storage structures made of steel, mud, wood, plastic and concrete or jute bags are frequently used to store pigeon pea. Mud bins are most commonly used by farmers. Storage in jute bags is common in markets and urban dhall mills. There is little difference in the storage structures meant for seeds or grain for consumption.


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