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INTRODUCTION

The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Each pod contains several peas. Peapods are botanically a fruit since they contain seeds developed from the ovary of a (pea) flower.

POPULAR VARIETIES:

  • Pant Uphar
  • VL-3
  • Jawahar Matar-1
  • Lincoln
  • P-8
  • Bonneville
  • Jawahar Matar-4
  • Arkel
  • Arka Ajit
  • VRP 2*
  • Kashi Nandini*(VRP 3)
  • Kashi Shakthi* (VRP 7)
  • Matar Ageta 6*

MATURITY INDICES:

  • Green peas should be harvested before physiological maturity, ie., before peas deform the hull.
  • Peas are harvested for table use when the pods are will fill and the young tender peas changing in color from dark to light green.
  • Peas may be picked in 45 to 60 days, 75 days and 100 days according to early, Mid season and late.
  • Fresh unshielded peas may be kept two at 0 C and 90- 95 percent relative humidity.

HARVESTING TIME:

  • Early types – green pods will be ready for harvest by 65 days after sowing.
  • Mid season types – pods will be ready for harvest by 85-90 days after sowing.
  • Late main season types – pods will be ready for harvest by 110 days after sowing.

PACKAGING & STORAGE:

  • Mud bins are most commonly used by farmers.
  • Storage in jute bags is common in markets and urban dhall mills.
  • There is little difference in the storage structures meant for seeds or grain for consumption.
  • Seed treatment to reduce storage losses are becoming increasingly important. Toxic Chemicals are used to protect seed stocks against insects and seed borne pathogens.
  • Commonly used insecticides are DDT, BHC and Malathion.
  • Ethylene dibrormide as a fumigant and malathion mixed with tricalcium phosphate at 0.2% have been found to be quite effective. But fumigation with toxic chemicals causes considerable loss in viability.
  • Coating of stored pulses with thin film of edible oil to protect them against insect infestation is an age old practice.
  • Oil treated seeds were not preferred by pulse beetles.
  • There is less pulse beetle infestation if pigeon pea is stored in the form of dhal.
  • Use of chemicals can be avoided for the control of storage pests to make them safer consumable stocks.

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