The pea is most commonly the small spherical
seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Each pod contains several
peas. Peapods are botanically a fruit since they contain seeds developed from
the ovary of a (pea) flower.
Kashi Nandini*(VRP 3)
Kashi Shakthi* (VRP 7)
Green peas should be harvested before
physiological maturity, ie., before peas deform the hull.
Peas are harvested for table use when the
pods are will fill and the young tender peas changing in color from dark to
Peas may be picked in 45 to 60 days, 75 days
and 100 days according to early, Mid season and late.
Fresh unshielded peas may be kept two at 0 C
and 90- 95 percent relative humidity.
Early types – green
pods will be ready for harvest by 65 days after sowing.
Mid season types –
pods will be ready for harvest by 85-90 days after sowing.
Late main season types – pods will be ready
for harvest by 110 days after sowing.
PACKAGING & STORAGE:
Mud bins are most commonly used by farmers.
Storage in jute bags is common in markets and urban
There is little difference in the storage structures
meant for seeds or grain for consumption.
Seed treatment to reduce storage losses are becoming
increasingly important. Toxic Chemicals are used to protect seed stocks
against insects and seed borne pathogens.
Commonly used insecticides are DDT, BHC and
Ethylene dibrormide as a fumigant and malathion
mixed with tricalcium phosphate at 0.2% have been found to be quite
effective. But fumigation with toxic chemicals causes considerable loss in
Coating of stored pulses with thin film of edible
oil to protect them against insect infestation is an age old practice.
Oil treated seeds were not preferred by pulse
There is less pulse beetle infestation if pigeon pea
is stored in the form of dhal.
Use of chemicals can be avoided for the control of
storage pests to make them safer consumable stocks.