India is the second largest producer of rice in the world (21 per cent of global rice production), next to China. In India, paddy occupies the first place both in area and production. Top ten producing states in India are West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Odhisa, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Karnataka and Haryana. Paddy becomes rice when the husk is removed through milling processes.
Pusa Basmati (IET10364)
Punjab Basmati - 1 (Bauni Basmati)
Haryana Basmati -1 (HKR-228/IET10367)
Paddy crop should be harvested, when the grains become hard and contain about 20-22 percent moisture.
The water from paddy field should be drained about a week or 10 days before the expected harvesting, which helps in employing mechanical harvesters.
For combine harvesting, moisture percentage should be 18 per cent or lower.
The harvested paddy should be dried to 13 per cent or below at the time of storing and there should be no green kernels.